I’ve been a Sacramento Wrongful Death attorney  since 1982. Since I handle only personal injury cases, I’ve had occasion to see many families who have been suddenly confronted with the sudden death of a parent, a spouse, a child, a partner, a friend.

I  see the deep pain and grief of my clients, but there’s no way that I, an outsider, can really experience it,

I do what I can. I feel bad for the families, the spouses, the parents of those who have died. Sometimes, I suggest books that can help. Some of these are: Some books that people have found useful are: How to Go On Living When Someone You Love Dies; Transforming Traumatic Grief; The Death of a Child; Grieving the Death of a Mother; and Lifetimes. Occasionally, I’ll hear of a modality such as Guided Imagery that people report to me are useful. ( A Meditation to Ease Grief and A Meditation to Help you Relieve Depression)

I’ve had many clients find solace in support groups and I’ve listed many of the ones I know of in another post.

Recently, I’ve heard reports of people skilled in helping people transverse the halls of grief.  These people are called grief counselors.  Many are LCSW’s  (Licensed Clinical Social Workers) and a few are psychologists. All have in common long experience in helping people get thru these intense feelings that seem to overwhelm their lives.

I know a bit about grief. I’ve lost people and relationships important to me. I’ve wished I had another chance at a redo….to say goodbye to or to  press the reset button.

I know that there are stages of grief, (I’ve read my Kubler-Ross) and I understand people grieve differently. I know certain dates such as Christmas, Mothers Day, Birthdays and anniversaries can bring grief to the fore.

Nonetheless, I’m an outsider. I meet with clients over minutes and hours not days and weeks.

I realize that there’s much I don’t know and much you who are experiencing grief should.

I will be contacting an experienced Grief Counselor for an interview in the near future. I’ll show him or her this blog, the limits of my knowledge and then interview him or her on what I don’t know and what I hope to soon share.

If you are in the midst of a deep loss, please breathe deeply. I know no-one can really take the pain away. But maybe at some level, there’s meaning to the tragedy that has befallen you.

I’m Ed Smith, founder of, A Sacramento Personal Injury Lawyer since 1982.

Photo Attribution for above photo: Hard Thinking © Miroslav Vajdić / Attribution-NoDerivs / 2012-02-09 14:41:02

Statistics indicate that nearly one-third of motorcycle crashes occur at intersections. Of the collisions that occur at intersections, most involved a vehicle making a left hand turn at the intersection into the motorcyclist. While you, the motorcyclist, have the right to go through the intersection on a green light, sadly this does not mean that the drivers of the vehicles around you will see you.

While intersections are inherently dangerous for all vehicles on the road, motorcycles and pedestrians suffer greater injury when a collision occurs due to the lack of protection they have. Complicating matters is that many drivers, of cars and motorcycles alike, have a bad habit of accelerating through stoplights and/or jumping the light which increases risks of accidents.

Below is a list of idea to protect the motorcyclist while traveling through intersections.

  1. Ride assertively through the intersection.
  2. Maintain the same rate of speed throughout the crossing of the intersection.
  3. Avoid accelerating through intersections. Surrounding drivers become confused with acceleration and falsely perceive – based on the speed before the motorcyclist accelerated – that they have more time and/or space to clear the intersection.
  4. Avoid eye contact with drivers while going through the intersection. At times, establishing eye contact, gives the impression the motorcyclist is giving permission for the other driver to go.
  5. While making turns, move away from the nearby cars, especially if they are turning left in front of you. Some motorcyclists make movements with their bike to attract the eye of the drivers around.
  6. Ideally, keep distance between yourself and the car turning left in front of you. The greater distance between both parties gives extra seconds to correct course and avoid a collision.
  7. Avoid braking or slowing down unnecessarily near the intersection which make confuse the driver of nearby cars. It may encourage the driver to believe that you are yielding the right of way and encouraging him to proceed on the left turn which could result in an accident.
  8. Motorcyclists who keep front headlights on at all times can help other drivers recognize the presence of the motorcycle and its rider.
  9. Auxiliary lamps that are on the handlebars or at a width of approximately the handlebars can aid in helping drivers ‘perceive’ the motorcycle at night.
  10. Use both hand and foot brakes in cases of emergency.

 Despite using safety precautions while traveling through an intersection a collision may still occur. If you find yourself injured after a collision and need advice on how to handle your motorcycle injury claim, the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith would be more than happy to provide a free consultation to discuss your options. Their office has been handling injury claims, including motorcycle claims, since 1982. Many of their employees are avid motorcyclists themselves. Please contact us at (916) 921-6400 or (800) 404-5400. You can also look at their website to evaluate their successful verdicts and settlements and see what their clients are saying.


As illustrated in the above YouTube video, true lovers of motorcycles, want to pass this love on to their children.  (Incidentally, there was significant backlash from the above video.)

Reader of this blog should note that this blog post is specific to California only. Laws regarding minors and motorcycles are unique to each state so please consult with experts outside of California for information pertinent to your state.

What does California say about minors on a motorcycle? A quick answer is that there is no specific age specified in the California Vehicle Code as to when a minor can begin riding as a passenger. Does that mean then that a minor of any age can ride as a passenger and it will be considered legal by all California courts or police officers? Not necessarily.

However, while no age is specified in the California Vehicle Code, a quick look at California Vehicle Code §27800 will break down the legality of a minor being a passenger on the motorcycle.

Basically, in regards to carrying passengers (again there is no age specified) the law states that the passenger of all ages must: 1) have ‘a seat securely fastened to the machine at the rear of the driver and (be) provided with footrests.’ The law continues to state that 2) ‘Every passenger…shall keep his feet on the footrests while such vehicle is in motion.’

In regards to minors, the question as to the legality will be ‘Was the minor in a seat that meets California safety laws? Was the minor compliant with safety belt laws?’ And lastly, ‘Was the child of a height that allows them to keep their feet on the footrests?’ Some motorcyclists have had footrests moved to fit the height of their child or have purchased a seat for children that has footrests built into it.


Another law that will have a bearing on how a judge or police officer determines the legality of a minor on a motorcycle is California Vehicle Code §27802 otherwise known as California ‘helmet laws.’ A minor must be using a helmet that meets the requirements imposed by ‘by Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 218 (49 C.F.R. Sec. 571.218) and may include compliance with that federal standard by incorporation of its requirements by reference.’ One of the issues that a police officer or judge may have issue with and to some degree is open to conjecture on how they would decide – especially in a circumstance where a child is injured in a collision – is “Did the helmet properly fit the child?” Finding helmets that properly fit a child can be difficult but clearly is worth the time and money.

It should be noted that California is a comparative fault state.  This means that if a minor passenger is injured in a collision, while the person who struck the motorcycle may have primary liability, a judge (or jury) may determine after examining the evidence, to apportion fault among all parties involved, including perhaps the driver of the motorcycle who they may determine did not have the minor properly helmeted, fastened, etc.

If you are a motorcyclist and either you or your minor child was injured in a collision, please contact our office with any questions. The Law Offices of Edward A. Smith offers free consultations. We can be contacted at (916) 921-6400 and (800) 404-5400 to schedule an appointment.


Photo Attribution: By “S de Santi” (originally posted to Flickr as Iceman´s helmet) [CC-BY-2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Motorcycle accidents occur every day in California, with many resulting in serious injury and even death. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported the number of motorcycle crash-related fatalities has doubled in the past decade. There are a number of different types of motorcycle accidents, but some are more common than others. Whether you drive a vehicle or you are a motorcycle rider, it is important for everyone on the road to be familiar with the most common types of motorcycle accidents so that you can avoid them while driving.


Head on Collision
A head on collision between a motorcyclists and can be fatal to the motorcyclists. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, head-on collisions account for more than half of all fatal motorcycle accidents in the United States.

A Vehicle Making a Left Hand Turn
One of the most common types of motorcycle collisions occurs when a vehicle is making a left hand turn. Often times, a driver either fails to see the motorcyclists at all or judges the distance and speed incorrectly. Left hand turn collision occur when a motorcycle is attempting to:

• Ride straight through an intersection
• Pass a car
• Overtake a car

In most left hand turn collisions, the driver of the vehicle is found to be at fault.
However, a motorcyclists can be found at fault if he was speeding or under the influence of alcohol.

A Vehicle Changes Lanes
Your riding along with the flow of traffic, when all of the sudden, a car veers into your lane causing a violent collision.

Sudden Hit From Behind
You come to a stop at a stop sign, intersection or slow down to avoid a hazard in the road when all of the sudden you are struck from behind by a driver who wasn’t paying attention and plows right into you.

An experienced Sacramento motorcycle accident Attorney can help you recover damages from a motorcycle accident. Contact the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith for a free consultation of your motorcycle injury claim at (916) 921-6400,


Most motorcyclists have an additional form of transportation besides their motorcycle. In fact, many use their car as their principal form of transportation and the motorcycle on the weekends or for an evening ride.   Since some motorcyclists use their motorcycle less often than their automobile some may reason that there is no need to carry much insurance coverage on their bike. In fact, many insurance agents report that many motorcyclists will purchase only a minimal coverage insurance policy for the motorcycle.

However, there are valid reasons to seriously consider adding uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage to your motorcycle insurance policy and making sure the limits for this coverage are more than the state’s minimum requirement of $15,000.00. As already discussed considerably in this blog and other journals, the risk of severe injury to a motorcyclist is many times greater than to an automobile driver. Injuries in an auto versus motorcycle accident are more likely to include broken bones or head injury requiring immediate emergency transport to an emergency room via ambulance. In 2014, a conservative estimate of the cost of an emergency room hospital visit in Sacramento county, including an MRI of the head, with discharge the same day can easily be in the $10,000.00 to $15,000.00 range. Transport via ambulance to the emergency room in 2014 is approximately $2,500.00 to $3,500.00. What does this mean for the motorcyclist?

Well, in this scenario, let’s imagine that the auto that struck the motorcyclist has insurance coverage of only $15,000.00. (This is the minimum limit California law requires and is the only coverage many California drivers carry.) As discussed above, the medical bills for the ER and ambulance have totaled approximately $12,500.00 to $18,500.00. In this scenario, that would leave the motorcyclist (if the ER bill and ambulance were at the lower end of the spectrum valued at $12,500.00) at most with $2,500.00 for additional medical bills, wage loss, prescriptions and for pain and suffering. If the ER and ambulance bill is on the higher end of the spectrum, say $18,500.00, it leaves the motorcyclist in debt by $3,500.00.

A person may reason, ‘I have health insurance. I won’t have any medical bills out of pocket so this does not apply to me.’ However,  be advised that California law allows your health insurance to submit a claim for subrogation (or reimbursement) against the insurance of the person who hit you and/or against yourself if you collect reimbursement from the insurance company of the person who hit your motorcycle and injured you.  Their request for reimbursement will be for the full amount of your medical bill.

If a motorcyclist has broken a bone, his ability to return to work may be hampered. Depending on the severity of the trauma, physical therapy may be needed. In short, thousands of dollars may be lost in wages and more funds may be needed to cover additional medical bills. This is why purchasing uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage greater than $15,000.00 is strongly encouraged. This coverage would allow an injured motorcyclist to collect reimbursement for lost wages and/or other medical bills that may arise from his own insurance carrier under his own underinsured motorist coverage.

If in that same scenario mentioned above, the motorcyclist who was injured carried $25,000.00 in uninsured/underinsured insurance coverage then after the insurance carrier of the driver who hit the cyclist resolves the initial claim in the amount of $15,00.00.00 than the injured motorcyclist can still use up to $10,000.00 from his own underinsured motorist coverage to cover wage loss, additional medical treatment and some compensation for pain and suffering. (The figure of $10,000.00 is because from the $25,000.00 underinsured motorist coverage there will be subtracted the $15,000.00 reimbursed from the auto insurance coverage of the responsible driver leaving $10,000.00 of your own underinsured motorist policy at your disposal.) If, the motorcyclist carried a larger policy of $50,000.00 underinsured/uninsured motorist coverage he would have an additional $35,000.00 to cover wage loss, additional medical treatment and reimbursement for pain and suffering.

Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage can be purchased in increments of $15,000.00, $25,000.00, $50,000.00, $100,000.00 or $250,000.00.

We often purchase insurance for our motorcycle within hours or days of buying the bike itself. In that moment of just making a large purchase, we often don’t enjoy forking over yet more money for insurance. In fact, many feel resentful towards the insurance agents who try and encourage people to buy higher limits for their own protection. Try and remember that we don’t know when trouble will strike. It is good to be ready and have enough uninsured/underinsured coverage to rescue us when we need it.

If you have been hurt in an accident, contact our Sacramento motorcycle personal injury lawyers at the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith for a free consultation by calling (800) 404-5400 or (916) 921-6400.  You can also look at the website for the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith to find our more about their practice, settlements and to answer any questions you may have.  Founder, Edward A. Smith, is the author of the California Motorcycle Accident Handbook, which is available by calling our office for a copy and can be purchased for Kindle download via Amazon.

Once you have mastered motorcycle riding safety, you may get the desire to have close-up company on your bike.  A motorcycle ride up the mountains in the autumn can be a romantic date.  Or perhaps you and a friend are sharing a commute.  Everything is better with a friend, however, you want to make absolutely sure that you have the experience to ride safely with the additional weight of a passenger, along with proper safety gear in order to keep the experience a positive one.

Obviously, the way in which you ride and turn will be affected when the weight distribution is changed.  One available resource to consider when learning about passenger safety is the bike’s owner manual, which will have information regarding weight limits, equipment and recommendations related to operation.  Before you take a friend on the bike up the highway for a day trip, it would be a good idea to get use to the feel of riding with a passenger in low-traffic, flat areas.  In general, be aware of the following considerations when carrying a passenger:

  • Allow for more time to get to your destination.
  • Allow for more passing space.
  • Consider clearance and use extra caution on turns.
  • The weight of the passenger will make the rear brakes more effective so get the feel for that change.
  • Brake sooner and more cautiously than you would without a passenger.
  • Be aware that starting from a stop will be affected by the extra weight, as will slowing and speeding up.

Make sure your motorcycle has the proper equipment to support a passenger, including a large enough seat and footrests – depending on the state in which you are traveling, this equipment may be required by law in order to carry a passenger.  You will also want to ensure that your friend has sufficient riding gear – including, of course, a lawful helmet.

You will also want to ensure that your passenger understands how to act on the bike.  Make sure that he or she can reach the foot pads, and instruct the passenger to keep his or her feet on the footrests at all times.  An important reminder is that the muffler gets hot!  Passengers often suffer leg burns due to lack of muffler respect.  Perhaps the most crucial thing you want your passenger to understand is that he or she cannot make any sudden movements which may affect your ability to control the motorcycle.  If you passenger is not confident in their ability to calmly enjoy the ride, perhaps it is better to ride solo.  Use special consideration when determining whether a child is old enough, strong enough, tall enough and mature enough to safely ride on the back of your bike.

Some bikes are equipped with passenger handholds, but if yours is not, instruct your passenger to hold you around the waist.  If the passenger is heavy, extra caution should be used during stops to ensure that he or she does not push you over the handlebars.

By taking extra care and caution, and taking practice runs, a ride with a friend can be an enjoyable experience.

If you or someone you know has had an accident while riding a motorcycle, please contact experienced Sacramento motorcycle lawyer, Edward A. Smith, at

As a Sacramento Wrongful Death attorney, over the past 30 years, I’ve experienced first hand the human toll it takes on families when they lose a loved one. Unexpected and sudden death is a nightmare that seems to endure. You feel your grief will never fade.

If you’ve lost some-one close to you, its important to remember how much they loved and cared about you, and how they would never want you to suffer.

I’ve put together a list of some of the things my clients have told me helped them over the years. I hope some of these may ease your pain.

Belleruth Napasak is a psychologist at the Cleveland School of Medicine. She has created some wonderful Guided Imagery CD’s that many people have found helpful.  Both CD’s, A Meditation to Ease Grief and A Meditation to Help you Relieve Depression, can be found on Amazon.

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Some books that people have found useful are: How to Go On Living When Someone You Love Dies; Transforming Traumatic Grief; The Death of a Child; Grieving the Death of a Mother; and Lifetimes.


In many cases, it may be helpful to join a support group. Some of the groups in Sacramento County include:

Kaiser Permanente Hospital        916-486-5300
Bereavement support groups on-going and open to the public in Elk Grove, Roseville, and Sacramento.

Mercy General Hospital
On going 5-week grief and loss sessions. Call for information and registration.

Mercy San Juan Hospital Support Group
Chaplaincy Services                       916-537-5098
Program for anyone experiencing grief. 1st and 3rd Wednesdays, 6:00 – 7:00 pm
6501 Coyle, Carmichael

Sutter VNA Hospice                         916-388-6215
Bereavement support group for those who have experienced a loss. Alternating Wed. 6:30 -8:30 pm
Sutter Cancer Center, 2800 L St., Sacramento.

UCD Hospice Support Group
Don Lewis, Bereavement Coordinator            916-734-1139
6 week support groups offered throughout the year. Call for information and registration.

Loss of Children

*Compassionate Friends                 916-457-4096
Bereavement support for parents who have lost a child. Newsletter, telephone support, monthly meetings.
3rd Friday from 7:00 – 9:30 pm.
South Natomas Community Center, 2921 Truxel Rd, Sacramento, 95822
Small group available.
Beth Oliver                            916-284-9540
Lilian Adams                        916-726-6844
Pamela Amo                        916-955-3180

Grief Counselors can also be helpful. Please feel free to call me for some names. This is a most difficult time. I hope some of the resources above will help you. If I can help on any of the Legal Issues involved in a Wrongful Death Claim, please call me anytime.  If calling from Sacramento my local number is 916-921-6400.  If outside of Sacramento, please feel free to use the toll-free number 800-404-5400.


Most motorcyclists avoid riding in the rain. Not only does rain affect stability and traction, it also can interfere with a driver’s concentration. Further, if it has not rained in awhile. the rain will bring up the oil on the road that has built up during the dry season and causes the road to be even more slippery. Even slow speed turns in the rain can cause your rear tire to slide out from under you and cause an accident. Hydroplaning/aquaplaning (water between your tire and road) is even worse as it leads to a complete loss of traction.


While it’s best to keep your motorcycle parked in the rain, if you absolutely must ride, here are some basic tips to follow.

Rain Gear. Good rain hear will help keep you stay warm and dry. The most important thing you can do on a motorcycle is wear a helmet. In the rain, using a full face helmet will provide more protection from hard falling rain drops that tend to hurt at high speeds. Also, keep your helmet visor clean. A visor steaming up will create additional visibility problems. Rain gear such as a rain suit, trousers, boots, covers and gloves should be waterproof.

Ride Slow and Smooth. Do not make any sudden movements. In the rain, traction is low and a rider’s reaction time decreases. Be smooth and steady. Breaking too heavily, accelerating too heavily or leaning too much can cause skidding. Accelerate with caution and apply the brakes in a smooth manner to avoid spinning wheels or going into a skid. Also, avoid riding on paint lines, metal grates or manhole covers because they become extremely slippery and dangerous.

Give yourself plenty of space between you and the vehicle in front of you. Braking distances are much longer in the rain. By giving yourself more space you will be able to have more reaction time in the event of a disaster.

Increase your Visibility. Wear reflective clothing and gear. Use more lights when safe to do so and use your signals well in advance so that other driver’s know your intentions.

Avoid Puddles. When it’s dry you can easily spot pooled water and pot holes. In the rain it is difficult to see what lies ahead on the surface of the road. Puddles hide potholes that could damage your tire. Standing water also can cause you to lose traction and slide.

Bad weather conditions create an increased risk of being involved in a motorcycle accident. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported a 7% increase in motorcycle fatalities in 2012 from 2011.

If you have been hurt in an accident, contact our Sacramento motorcycle personal injury lawyers at the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith for a free consultation by calling (800) 404-5400 or (916) 921-6400, Edward A. Smith is the author of the California Motorcycle Accident Handbook, which is available by calling our office for a copy and on Amazon or Kindle.


If you are planning a motorcycle ride, it is safest to check the weather reports and avoid riding in the rain or excessive heat or cold.  Obviously, if you are planning a long ride, check the weather for the various cities in which you plan to ride.  However, if you are an experienced rider and find it imperative, or even enjoyable, to ride in more challenging weather, there are things you can do to increase the likelihood that your ride will be a safe one:

Keep your speed down, especially if visibility due to darkness, fog or rain is a factor.  Be absolutely sure you are giving yourself enough time to stop if an obstacle appears.

Road fatigue can add to to the challenges of adverse weather, so take frequent breaks.


Remember – cars often need more lead time to stop on wet roadways.  Keep a liberal distance!

Take advantage of your unobstructed view of the road and plan ahead – avoid sudden reactions.

Gently apply brakes and throttle.  Do not accelerate while turning.  Use engine braking to reduce skid risk.

Avoid road hazards such as oil spills that can cause a skid when wet.

If you frequently ride in the rain, ensure that your tires have optimum traction.


Becoming overheated can affect your concentration and reaction time.   When the weather is hot, it is easy to become dehydrated, especially when wearing proper safety gear.  The affects of heat and dehydration can seriously impair your ability to ride safely.

Be sure to dress for the conditions.  Look to how desert-dwellers dress.  While it may seem cooler to wear less clothing, covering up actually keeps you cooler as well as prevents sunburn.

Be aware of symptoms of heat sickness, such as dizziness, excessive thirst, and cramping.  Pull over immediately, re-hydrate and rest if you notice any of these signs.


Some great rides can happen in colder conditions, as long as the rider has appropriate cold-weather wear, including high quality gloves and boots.

Remember to seal openings in your clothing so that air and wind do not get through.  There are many modern materials that insulate quite well.

A pair of cold hands does not maneuver as well, and again – excessive cold can reduce concentration and reaction time.

In some climates, it is possible to ride all year long when proper safety precautions are used!

If you or someone you know has been involved a motorcycle accident where weather was a factor and would like to speak to an experienced Sacramento personal injury lawyer, please contact us at



Motorcycles compose about 2% of the vehicles on the road but yet account for 42% of all fatalities involving collisions with guardrails.

When it comes to collisions involving guardrails, motorcycle riders sustain a significantly higher rate of fatality than auto occupants involved in a collision with a guardrail.  Multiple studies on this subject have produced similarly uneven results. What makes this finding so alarming is that motorcycles compose only about 2% of the vehicles on the road in the U.S. but yet account for 42% of all fatalities involving collisions with guardrails. Fatalities are occurring in guardrail vs. motorcycle collisions despite the fact that more than two-thirds of the motorcyclists involved were using a helmet at the time of the impact. The fatality risk for a collision involving a guardrail is nearly 80 times higher for motorcyclists compared to their car occupant counterparts. This high fatality rate is not unique to the United States alone but countries throughout Europe also have statistics that mirror this terribly skewed risk rate with motorcycle collisions involving guardrails.

Why are fatalities so much higher in regards to motorcyclists? Occupants in a car have safety restraints. The vehicle structure itself serves to protect the auto occupants upon impact. In contrast, there is little to protect the motorcyclist involved in a collision with a guardrail. While a motorcyclist may use a helmet for some degree of protection from head injury, motorcyclists involved in guardrail collisions often suffer injuries to other parts of their body which produces a fatal blow. Multiple research studies show that the use of a helmet made no difference in decreasing fatality to motorcyclists when guardrails were involved.

The construction of the guardrails on most US roadways is designed with the intent to stop vehicles from running off the road. Unfortunately, the design of the guardrail will not just stop the motorcycle. More often than not, the guardrail becomes a ‘death trap’ as it will eject the motorcyclist from his bike resulting in blunt force trauma. The sturdy construction of the guardrail which is made to prevent large vehicles from flying off the road is not as forgiving an object when a motorcyclist is involved.

It is believed by many that the unusually high fatality rate in the United States will not change in the near future. In the U.S. there does not appear to be any studies or movements to improve the present guardrail design nor is there any movement towards the creation of countermeasures to protect the motorcyclist.  While some improved guardrail models exist, the cost involved in upgrading or modifying the present guardrail system is expensive for many already burdened state, county and city budgets.

Most motorcycle riders demonstrate themselves to be safe and responsible drivers. Sadly, some road defects accompanied by unsafe guardrails have turned many roads and highways into deathtraps for the motorcyclist.   Should you need someone on your side after a motorcycle accident, please contact the Law Offices of Edward A. Smith. While their webpage may be called this in no way minimizes their expertise in handling motorcycle collision claims. In fact, they have published a book for California motorcyclists entitled, California Motorcycle Accident Handbook, available on Amazon. They can be contacted at (800) 404-5400 for assistance.


Amazon MotorNEW

This book is a valuable resource to help California motorcycle riders understand their legal rights.