The face is made from several different bones, many of which are fused together. There are two joints to the face on either side of the cheeks, called the temporomandibular joints. Facial fractures can be minor or severe, depending on their location and whether or not they are displaced. Open fractures are more serious than closed fractures because open areas of bone are prone to bone infections, which are difficult to treat.
Most facial fractures come from motor vehicle accidents, although sports injuries, falls, and assaults can result in facial fractures as well. Most facial fractures require medical attention with the exception of nondisplaced nasal bone fractures, which tend to heal on their own without any sort of medical intervention.