I’m Ed Smith, a Personal injury lawyer in Sacramento. Compartment syndrome is a common complication from serious injuries and can have devastating consequences if diagnosis is delayed. Compartment syndrome is possible in most compartments of the body but most common in the extremities such as the arms, legs, forearms and hands. The forearms and hands have more compartments to be affected following trauma or injury such as bone fractures. If any acute swelling occurs in the area this is your first possible sign of having compartment syndrome.