With trauma and pregnancy, the trauma has two patients to manage—the mother and the unborn fetus. The various things done in dealing with a pregnant trauma patient depends on where she is in the pregnancy, the viability of the fetus and the nature of the injuries.
Overview of Trauma and Pregnancy
Trauma in pregnancy can be caused by accidents and violent acts. Trauma is involved in 5-20 percent of pregnancies. Trauma is the number one cause of death in pregnant women—above pregnancy complications. In one study, trauma caused maternal death in 46 percent of cases, compared to obstetrical issues causing maternal death in 31 percent of cases. A total of 57 percent of deaths were due to homicide, while 9 percent were due to suicide. The percent of maternal deaths were spread out as follows: