Intracranial Injuries with Head Trauma
When people think about serious injuries, such as traumatic brain injuries, pictures of significant accidents with major impacts might come to mind. Unfortunately, individuals can suffer serious intracranial injuries with only minor head trauma. This means that it is critical for everyone to take steps to protect their head and neck in an effort to prevent these life-threatening injuries from occurring. One example is helmet use among motorcycle riders. According to statistics that have been released by the International Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS):
- Helmet use can reduce the frequency of motorcycle accident fatalities by more than a third.
- Helmets can also reduce the frequency of traumatic brain injuries by more than two-thirds.
- Despite these numbers, less than 40 percent of the country requires motorcycle riders to wear a helmet.
- In 2017, more than 5,100 people were killed in motorcycle accidents.
- This is twice the number of motorcycle riders who were killed just 20 years ago.
Intracranial injuries are a serious problem, and it is essential for everyone to understand the types of trauma that can cause brain damage.
A Study: Intracranial Injuries with Head Trauma
In a study that was published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine, a group of medical professionals designed a way to predict which individuals might have suffered an intracranial injury based on their clinical presentation. The researchers diagnosed an intracranial injury using a CT scan. CT scans can identify visible head injuries such as:
- Skull fractures
- Brain bleeds
- Abscesses in the brain
- Cerebral herniations
- Swelling in the brain
CT scans are completed in seconds which makes them ideal in emergency situations. The researchers conducted a chart review of all of the individuals at their hospital who presented to their emergency room following a blunt impact to the head. They narrowed down their patient population, looking for individuals who underwent a CT scan.
Results of the Study: Traumatic Brain Injuries
During the study, the researchers found close to 1,500 patients who required a CT scan following a blow to the head. In nearly 10 percent of these individuals, there was an intracranial injury identified. About 1 percent of the individuals who received a CT scan wound up requiring surgery for increased intracranial pressure or another medical emergency. Some indicators of an intracranial injury include:
- Pedestrians and bicyclists who were struck by a motor vehicle
- Signs and symptoms of a basilar skull fracture
- Age over 60 years
- An abnormal neurological exam such as altered levels of consciousness, an inability to move an arm or a leg, or trouble speaking
The Treatment of an Intracranial Injury
In cases where an individual has been diagnosed with a severe traumatic brain injury, several different factors must be addressed in the treatment plan. Some of these include:
Contacting a Trained Brain Injury Attorney
Head injuries can lead to neurological damage which could cause permanent complications. These complications can be challenging for families to manage. Loved ones could have trouble understanding the injury, finding medical resources, and adjusting to a new normal. It is crucial to ask for help in this situation from a trained brain injury lawyer in San Francisco. A few ways a trained injury attorney can help include:
- Collecting and analyzing the records from the accident to ensure that the various details are considered appropriately.
- Assisting families in making objective decisions during a challenging and stressful time.
- Helping families seek damages related to the head injury, its complications, and any pain and suffering.
- Moving a case to the courtroom when necessary.
Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers in San Francisco
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